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Full text of "California Garden, Vol. 7, No. 6, December 1915"

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A San Diego Orchid Colle&ion 

Pickings and Peckings 

The Rose— The Lath House — The Gardens 

List of Ornamental Shrubs 


Nearpass Seed Store 

Established 1896 

The Largest Stock of Seeds in the City. Everything fresh 
and reliable. A carload of Cypher Incubators just received. 
We are exclusive agents for San Diego County. Planet, Jr. 
Tools and Poultry Supplies. ;;;;;: 

522 Sixth Street 

San Diego, CaL 

Budded Avocado Trees 

"The Avocado as Grown in California," a booklet 
recently issued, will be sent upon request. 

We are the oldest and most experienced growers of budded 
Avocado trees in California. 

Many thoughtful, careful, successful ranchers have planted 
the Avocado commercially, or are thinking of doing so. We 
have sold the trees to most of those who have planted. Those 
who are thinking of planting we invite to come to the West 
India Gardens to see us and our trees. 

^y^SPECIAL: Get acquainted with the Avocado OFFER: 

I (for the home grounds) 1 tree of Ganter — full fruiting, thin-skin, 
I and 1 tree of Taft — spring fruiting, thick-skin, large — for $5.00, 

I f. o. b. shipping station. These are fine, large, field grown trees. They 

II will be shipped by freight, carefully packed, about March 1. A $2 
^^ deposit now, $3 at time of shipment, are the terms of this special offer 

West India Gardens A $?Z%^lZ%? 

F. O. Popenoe, President 


Incubators and 

White Leghorns 

Eggs, Stock 

414 to 430 Sixth St. 

Poultry Supplies, Bee Keeper's Supplies, Feed 

Sanitary Hovers, Croley's Poultry Foods, Demings Spray Pumps 





It will be more than acceptable. It is something which will be 
treasured by the recipient throughout life. 

Nor is the rare charm and distinctiveness of Rookwood Pottery 
its only value; for, as no duplicates are made, every passing year 
adds to the intrinsic worth of each piece. 

Rookwood Pottery ranges in price from $1.00 upward and is to 
be had in San Diego only at — 



Electric Porch Lighting 

Is Economical Protection 

Lighting up the front porch steps 
and walks will prevent many a mis- 
step in the dark. 

It welcomes visiting friends and re- 
assures the householder when he re- 
turns after a few hours' absence. 

It is the best burglar insurance you 
can buy. 

The reduced rates for electric light 
make the monthly cost range from 30c 
to 55c for 25 Watt Mazda Lamp. 


Porch lighting is an evidence 
of community spirit 

Try it an an experiment 

San Diego Consolidated Gas 
and Electric Company 

935 Sixth Street 

Home 411Q Sunset Main 64 


.«•• t ••■ 

lf*\ § *^ f/ower Shop 
A 1115 FOURTH ST. H y 


Corner of Fifth and F Sts. 

4% Interest on Term Savings 
Safety Deposit Boxes, $2.00 per year 
Foreign Exchange 
Mexican Money Bought and Sold 

National Bank 

of San Diego 

(The Roll of Honor Bank) 

Granger Block, Cor. Fifth and D Sts. 

W. S. Dorland, President 

L. A. Blochman, Vice-President 

Sam Ferry Smith, Vice-President 

O. E. Darnall, Cashier 

Capital (Fully-paid) - - $100,000.00 

Surplus and Profits (All earned) 575,000.00 

This Bank has the largest surplus of any 
bank in San Diego, and on the "Roll of 
Honor" published by "The Financier" of 
New York City, it not only stands first in 
the City of San Diego, but second in the 
State of California. 

Every accommodation consistent with good banking 
extended our customers 

A. H. FROST, Vice-President 
W. R. ROGERS, Cashier 

H. E. ANTHONY, Assistant Cashier 

Capitol Lawn Trimmers 

^Pennsylvania and West Lake Lawn Mowerslf 
Pull Dog and Nile Garden Hose J 

65« Fifth street San Diego Hardware Co. 

— A Very Attractive Selection — 

of Flowering Plants, Ferns, etc., put 

up in Fancy Birch Bark Boxes and Pots 


A nice lot of Christmas Trees. Clean up sale on Hyacinths, 
Narcissus and American Bulbs at Reduced Prices 

The SAN DIEGO SEED STORE T J A D D T C* O 7? 7? 7"\ /~< S~\ 

824 F Street, Between 8th and 9th l2/±I\J\liJ OmLJI/LJ C(/. 

The California Garden 

Published Monthly by the San Diego Floral Association 

One Dollar per Year, Ten Cents per Copy 

Vol. 7 


No. 6 

TBVENSON wrote, "The world is 
so full of a number of things, I am 
sure we should all be as happy as 
kings", but for the most part the 
world's supply of kings just now are hard- 
ly a cheerful illustration of extreme joy, 
nevertheless the principal is sound and the 
California Garden desires to send out its 
hearty greetings to all who care to have 
them whether subscribers or not and dis- 
tinctly believes that there are very few 
folks who cannot find some bright thing to 
focus upon at this Christmas season if they 
care to search among the great number that 
come in all environments. Joy, the right 
kind that has no reaction, is of the mind, 
not of the body, and cheerfulness under 
stress is one of the world's great posses- 
sions. To possess is not the big thing but 
to be. 

You think it strange that a garden mag- 
azine should sermonize on the text 'Be 
Cheerful,' but surely this particular one 
may do so, when it exists solely to bring 
more beauty and sweetness into the com- 
munity it seeks to serve. Its field is the 
garden and its care the growing things 
therein, but why the garden? If more 
folks would ask themselves this question it 
would be better for them and their gardens. 
We read "And the Lord God planted a 
garden eastward in Eden : and there he 
put the man to dress it and to keep it.' 
Man's first job was to take care of a 
garden, in which he lived. If magazines 
had followed hard on the creation, a garden 
magazine would probably have been the 
first and it could not have been confined to 
garden technique. It would have en- 
deavored to find out why the Great First 
Gardener put gardening as the first and 
the chiefest lesson. There must lie in the 
garden unsuspected stores of occult wis- 
dom ; the keys to nature rrrysteries, that go 
far beyond the mere process of vegetable 
growth. Can it be in the scheme of things 
that each man can plant his own garden 

and find in it a book of books, a link be- 
tween him and some part of the great un- 
known ? It may be, but we have a long row 
to hoe before we make such a garden. It 
must be based on loving care, atmosphered 
with a reverence for the processes of na- 
ture, built of a part of its maker. Have 
our gardens our individuality? Are they 
our younger children in a sense? Do we 
know them and they us? The answers lie 
in the almost pitying smiles with which 
such queries are read. Very few have read 
those authors who treat of plants as senti- 
ent beings, and most of those who have, 
label them as "cracked". One of those 
writers goes so far as to say that the plants 
in a garden are conscious of and respond 
to love and admiration. He suggests that 
the gardener who truly loves his flowers is 
followed through his garden by their bene- 
diction. What a thought that with the 
odor of the violet and the rose came to the 
deserving a kiss of love. A language of 
flowers is older than was the age of the 
world as counted only a few years ago and 
perhaps when it originated, men were 
nearer the heart of nature and heard the 
voices in their gardens now T stilled for want 
of understanding and sympathy. 

We are perfectly conscious that in writ- 
ing thus we are exposing ourselves to the 
amused ridicule of an age that feels only 
through its fingers and tongues. The de- 
spised Indian, that is the uncivilized ( ?) 
one, is nearer the heart of nature than we 
are. He even seems to make rain when he 
takes the trouble. He certainly knows 
properties of plants that we do not, and 
how disastrous civilization is when applied 
to him. 

Seemingly we started to bless and are in 
a way staying to cuss, but have no such 
desire. We would make your garden some- 
thing well worth while to you, even if it be 
only one plant in a pot. For our Christmas 
gift we would send you a new vision of 
your garden that may be a blessing indeed. 

May the New Tear be just filled with Opportunities 

Pndkniraffs smd Pedkniras 


HEN it came over showery and blus- 
tering the day of the Floral Asso- 
ciation's special doings at the Expo- 
sition, I said to myself, ""wnat will 
these garden folks do? Will they inveigh 
against the storm, when the rainfall for the 
season is behind normal, and thus put them- 
selves in the special privilege class who de- 
sire the good of the rest of the world, if it 
does not interfere with their happiness, or 
will they be big enough to grin and say, we 
want the rain for the greatest goocr to tne 
greatest number." I am proud to say they 
took the latter attitude and carried out the 
full program from start to finish, and it was 
one worthy of a much greater attendance. 

There are quite a goodly number of citi- 
zens who are determined to know something 
about the wonderful collection of plants in 
the Exposition grounds and no threat or per- 
formance of the weather can keep these from 
turning out when Miss K. O. Sessions makes 
explanatory tours. Both in morning and af- 
ternoon she had a tail like a comet, which 
trailed along paths and over wet grass with 
the program in hand making notes upon the 
page most happily provided for the purpose 
therein. Certain of the choicer specimens 
are being hidden and crowded by common 
and less interesting things, notably where a 
fine Hakea Laurina is lost behind a Phoenix 
canariensis, and in view of the immense in- 
terest excited by these rarer things it would 
seem advisable to give them the limelight. 

The afternoon tour was broken by a visit 
to the New Mexico Building where Mr. Dud- 
ley acted as sponsor for the U. S. Forest Serv- 
ice. If you have not seen him work the 
models, particularly that one which gives a 
realistic example of what happens to dirt 
streets graded straight up hill in defiance 
of beauty and common sense when it rains, 
you ought to, unless you have the real thing 
at your front door, in which case it might 
be too realistic. It seems to me on reflection 
that the model was of a shaved hill-side, but 
the difference is quite negligible in many 

Mr. Dudley showed some forest pictures, 
and he has a personal acquaintance with our 
western forests that makes him a mighty in- 
teresting person to meet, if you don't want 
to discuss subdivision up-to-date. 

All the way from Berkeley, and specially 
for the occasion, came Professor R. T. Stev- 
ens, of the University Landscape department, 
and in the course of the afternoon he in- 
stilled into my previously skeptical mind a 
most wholesome respect for his particular 

branch of our State fount of knowledge. 
Walking in the grounds with him I found 
that he not only knew the names of every- 
thing, but several of them, and could give 
you a choice. Ralph Sumner, who was along, 
made a brave effort to support our local 
credit but he was shy on aliases and grew 
to offer his information somewhat apologet- 
ically. As for me, early in the game I 'fessed 
up, knowing I should blow up if I did not. 

The key note of Professor Stevens' most 
interesting address given in the lecture hall 
of the Southern Counties Building, which 
was headquarters for the day, can be sensed 
from his opening remark that his line was 
Landscaping and therefore he looked on all 
shrubs, this being the title of his lecture, 
as material, just as the builder regards bricks 
and mortar. Then without even so much as 
a by-your-leave, he proceeded to place them 
where they belonged. "Shrubs," he said, 
"are used to give height and depth to herba- 
ceous borders. They grow with less water 
and food than is demanded by softer material 
and they are particularly useful in a country 
where grass is so much of a luxury as in 
Southern California. Their use can be broad- 
ly divided as economic and aesthetic. Econo- 
mic, when used as hedges or fences or screens 
to hide some unsightly feature, aesthetic, 
when treated as beautiful specimens. It is 
well to remember that in formal planting, 
line controls mass, while in informal treat- 
ment mass controls line. Considering shrubs 
as material we speak of their "texture," by 
which expression is meant the appearance 
given by the character of foliage, a fine leaf 
giving a fine texture, and a large leaf just 
the opposite and in mass planting a harmony 
in texture should be sought. A large leaved 
plant in a group of small foliaged ones be- 
comes an accent plant and focuses the eye 
detracting from the general effect. Color 
value must also be carefully considered both 
as to foliage and bloom. 

"The Landscape artist divides his shrub ma- 
terial into three classes, shelter, filler and 
facer shrubs. Shelter snrubs are used as the 
name implies to protect more delicate growth. 
They go at the back and are tall, hardy, and 
for the most part, coarse in texture. Fillers 
are also tall but of finer habit and they take 
the middle distance. The facer shrubs are 
the low growing very fine ones fitted to tie 
the shrubbery to the lawn or walk without 
any break. They must have a compact habit 
growing right to the ground. 

"Because of their habit of resting a con- 
siderable season in the year, during which 


they are shabby, our native shrubbery should 
be used very carefully with a knowledge of 
its habits. Their blooming season is short 
and all the varieties practically bloom at 
the same time, where as shrubs from the An- 
tipodes, Australia, bloom in our winter sea- 
son because of the reversal of seasons. Safe- 
ty dictates that we should get to thinking of 
our shrubbery more in classes, drought-re- 
sistant, moisture-loving, summer-blooming, 
etc., and we must use more of the slow 
growing things. Of course this entails the 
knowledge of what mature specimens are 
like, which certainly was not the case when 
much of our present planting was done. 
Around the home the planting should be re- 
fined, the choicest specimens grouped near 
the house and the coarser growths kept in 
the background. 

"The conditions everywhere would foster 
the idea that shrubs should not be pruned. 
This is a grave mistake: They should be 
kept within the bounds and character origin- 
ally designed. Deciduous shrubs should be 
pruned just after flowering because they at 
once set about making the buds for the next 
year's flowers. Evergreens as a class are 
also best pruned at this time. Pruning should 
be a thining rather than a shearing. In such 
plants as Escallonia they can be cut back in 
the summer one-third. Streptosolen Jame- 
soni is improved by very heavy cutting, right 
to the ground every third year. 

"In considering berry bearing shrubs an im- 
portant point is the length of time they re- 
tain their berries. The four common Coton- 
easters are very useful and in a recent show 
up North seventy-four berry bearing speci- 
mens were exhibited." 

At the close of his lecture Professor Stev- 
ens distributed copies of a list of shrubs 
carefully arranged along lines that he had 
emphasized and those present who had list- 
ened to him throughout with rapt attention 
not only eagerly received them but begged 
for copies for absent friends. 

When the Professor had gone, to an ac- 
companiment of appreciative handclapping, 
the hall was darkened and Harold Taylor 
took the floor with his famous autochrome 
pictures. Nearly all of the hundred shown 
were new, many of autumn foliage having 
been taken in the Cuyamacas the two days 
previous. Had one day been delayed, most 
of the lovely yellows and browns and reds 
would have been on the ground, carried there 
by the storm of Friday night. These exhibi- 
tions, which Mr. Taylor has given gratuitous- 
ly on so many occasions, always excrte a satis- 
factory amount of Ohs and Ahs but this time 
they were longer and deeper and more con- 
tinuous. It seems a pity that all San Diegans 
debarred from any cause from seeing the 
wonderful back country could not see these 
almost living representations of it. A gen- 

tleman from Iowa was present and said af- 
terwards, "I would give five dollars if my 
wife could have seen those." This would 
seem to indicate that an autochrome exhibit 
might prove a pleasing interval between mov- 
ing picture shows of the stress of activities 
in our commercial life. Mr. Taylor has im- 
prisoned between two thin bits of glass the 
marvellous glory of Nature's going to sleep. 
A few of the slides were loaned by Mr. Pal- 
mer of the Hulburd ranch, who now thinks 
photography in hundreds of feet and may 
catch you off your guard any time and put 
you in a movie. 

If anything proved the staying qualities of 
the faithful few of the Association, it was 
when they showed up at the Cafeteria for 
dinner. It was not over patronized and there 
was much room for the unusually keen air 
to circulate. I kept on my overcoat and 
poured in my soup before it got cold, but only 
considerable training at the ten-minutes-for- 
lunch stops on the railroads enabled me to 
do it. My upper section was fairly comfort- 
able, but the lower felt as if it were hung 
out of the window. In spite of tnis the bak- 
er's dozen tossed the conversational ball mer- 
rily, and walked instead of running to the 
reception room in the Southern Counties 
Building where Mrs. Wilson greeted them 
beside a cheerful fire. To the faithful were 
added others, but there seemed no enthusiasm 
to adjourn to the hall and hear President 
Robinson go over his old stories aoout the 
Floral Association, even though he had found 
a new title beginning "the Vicissitudes". 
Finally some very sane person suggested that 
Mr. Ed. Howard of Los Angeles and late of 
all the odd places in South America and 
Cuba be requested to move up half an hour 
on the program. He expressed nis willing- 
ness and the company moved. When every- 
body was seated, a perfectly good electrician 
was missing, and the President seized the 
opportunity and told the multitude what a 
marvellous work the Floral Association was 
doing. Before he could get to the vicissitudes 
the "stray" returned and amid relieved cheers 
the lights went out. 

Mr. Howard traveled for many years in 
search of rare and beautiful specimens of 
palms, securing a large number that are now 
in Los Angeles regretting they did not come 
to San Diego. The pictures he showed were 
from his own photos taken in out of the way 
places in Mexico and Cuba and widened the 
palm vision of those who have had it filled 
with just Phoenix Canariensis and Cocos Plu- 
mosa. There was a picture of the latter that 
needed the explanation "as it should be" for 
identification ( for it did not look a bit like 
a giant's feather duster). Subsequently the 
traveller said that there were some four thou- 
sand kinds of palms and he knew intimately, 
that is in their homes, some three hundred. 
There were palms one hundred and fifty feet 


high, the Royal, others that had a swelling 
in the waist suggestive of dropsy or a hidden 
drink, some that had become discontented 
with one trunk and started another, some- 
times but very rarely two or three, and a love 
of a Phoenix Roebelini ten feet high or more. 
These palms were shown in their native en- 
virons, being dug for boxing, and boxed for 
shipping. All through the series appeared 
Mr. Howard in various stages of emaciation 
from fevers of all colors and kinds. This is 
interpolated lest any reader should think of 
starting off after breakfast just to get a few 
of these palms, for they grow where the 
climate is wasting and the insect active. It 
will be difficult for me hereafter to meet Mr. 
Howard without visualising him astride of 
the bulging belly of one of those dropsical 
palms while his native helpers below in- 
structed him how to use his toes. 

There were other things beside palms. 
Quaint native villages with thatched huts, 
pleasant rivers, curious trees that threw out 
flying buttresses to their trunks,, and most 
artistic sunset effects, and it was a rare treat 
indeed to follow the speaker as he retraced 
his steps through these untouristed sections 
of our Western Hemisphere. 

As usual the Floral Association met with 
ready response to all appeals for assistance. 
The hostess at the Southern Counties Build- 
ing and those in charge were most courteous 
and the Ladies of the Women's Board kept 
open house in their quarters in the California 
Building. Those on the program have been 
mentioned if not thanked half adequately and 
Superintendent Morley of Balboa Park made 
one of those diversified displays for which he 
is becoming, or become rather, famous. This 
is treated of elsewhere as are the other feat- 
ures of the exhibit. 

I have been asked if I were disappointed 
at the light attendance, and also heard a lot 
of "Too bads," etc., but I positively refuse 
to have any sensation but pleasure when it 
rains here and I am sure the Association is 
to be congratulated as much on a splendid 
program well carried out as those who dla 
not attend are to be commiserated on missing 
a good thing. 

Plant Specimens. 

Pupils from several of the grammar schools 
exhibited branches of Acacias showing their 
flower buds and some their seeds. The fol- 
lowing twenty-four varieties were carefully 
and neatly labeled and all had oeen gathered 
within the city. Hardly a catalogue in the 
state lists as many acacias. 

Acacia: Obtusa, Pruinosa, Cyanifolia, Po- 
dalyriaefolia, Mollissima, Armata, Decurrens, 
Lophantha, Verticellata, Dealbata, Baileyana, 
Florabunda, Melonoxylon, Latifolia, Saligna, 
Cultriformis, Pycnantha, Eburnea, Riciana, 

Cyclops, Sicularformis, Elata, Binervata, Ros- 

A plant in a 5-inch pot was exhibited by 
Miss Sessions of Acacia Cuerna de Vaca, more 
interesting than beautiful, and native of Mex- 
ico. Its peculiarity, as its Spanish name in- 
dicates, is the pairs of huge and stiff horns 
that resemble plainly a set of cow's horns. 
Mature plants bear these thorns or horns each 
three inches and more long. 

Miss K. O. Sessions made a small display 
of cut material and plants from Soledad Ter- 
race and her nursery on West Lewis St. The 
quality of specimens was excellent and all 
neatly labeled. 

Of cut material there was: Cotoneaster 
frigida with Red Berries; Cotoneasters angus- 
tifolia with Yellow Berries; Cotoneaster mi- 
crophylla with light Red Berries; Erica me- 
lanthera in full bloom and beautiful sprays. 
This plant cannot be too highly praised nor 
too generously planted. 

Cuphea jorullensis, a new herbaceous plant, 
very showy and interesting; Asparagus elong- 
atus, Asparagus decurrens a charming hang- 
ing basket plant for the winter. 

Genista monosperma the Bridal Veil genis- 

Bignonia venusta, always very gorgeous and 
not planted enough, as it is one of the best 
of the showy winter blooming vines. 

In potted plants there were a few large and 
well grown specimens of the various fancy 
nephrolepis, or sword ferns, but of especial 
interest and merit was the collection of fifteen 
varieties of seedling ferns in thumb pots, all 
sturdy and vigorous and well set up. 

Miss Sessions has been making a specialty 
of growing ferns from spores this past year 
of which this was a sample. 

The varieties were as follows: Adiantum 
cuneatum, Woodwardia radicaus, Asplenium 
patens, Cyrtomium falcatum or Holly fern, 
Pteris cretica, Pteris longifolia, Pteris lineata 
alba, Pteris tremula, Nephrolepis tuberosa, 
Blechnum occidentalis, Sitalobium cicutarium, 
a Honolulu fern, Alsophylla Australis and 
Litsbrochia Platyphylla, a rare fern. 

The excursion about the grounds and hor- 
ticultural building in the forenoon was com- 
posed of a very interested company and nearly 
all were visitors to our city and eager to learn 
of the plants so new to them. 

In the glass house the collection of Philo- 
dendrons, the Vitis Utilans, Asparagus miria- 
cladius and elongatus. The giant staghorn 
fern the three varieties of Pandanus, utilis, 
Vetchii, and Sandersoni. 

The Crotons and large ferns of Alsophilla 
Australis and the small growing palms, Cocos 
Weddeliana, Areca lutesceus, Phoenix Robe- 
lini, and in the lath house the bamboos Ara- 
lias and Dracenas were noted and their habits 



The Guatemala Syringa, the orange and the 
Red Berry Hawthorne, the Berberis elegantis- 
sima about the gardens of the Southern Cali- 
fornia Building were especially commented 


In the afternoon a very much larger com- 
pany started out full of enthusiasm and many 
of the party were the same as in the forenoon, 
quite equal they felt for the second tramp and 
joy of it all. The company gathered as it 
travelled and many interesting questions were 
asked, and all showed a keen interest in the 

The route was along the path to the north 
of the Horticultural Building, passing the 
Sterculia and flame trees of Australia and 
tristania conferta, observing the shrubs of 
nandina domestica, streptosolen jamesonii, 
cantua buxifolia from the Peruvian Andes, the 
Rapheolepis ovata, that excellent low growing- 
shrub, without any faults, the ericas melan- 
thera and Mediterranean, heathers from Afri- 
ca,, the famous Cryptomeria Elegans of Japan 
that does not thrive in this climate. Of trees, 
the handsome Montezuma Cypress, Deodar Ce- 
dars, the various acacias: Baileyana, flora- 
bunda, latifolia, armata and verticellata. The 
Cassia tomentosum and artemesioides in full 
bloom of yellow, the excellent hedge of Atro- 
plex Breweri, our native seashore plant. The 
perfect hedge and charming planting effect 
of the pathway leading into the west corridor 
of the Sacramento Building; Eugenia myrti- 
folia with sword ferns and sprengeri at 
base. Thence the journey led along the Prado 
to the South end of the Indian Arts Building 
to the head of the canon of the Palms. Here 
the strong contrast between Muhlenbeckia 
Complexa the wire vine and M. Viridescens, 
the tape plant, were noted. The Dragon tree 
and agaves and New Zealand flax combined 
with the palms in variety. The yellow berried 
Duranta and Pittosporum Rhombifolia. The 
path leading to the New Mexico Building was 
bordered on the right with the strong grow- 
ing vine, Tecoma Mackenii from South Africa 
full of pink flowers during the summer, while 
its mate, the Queen of Sheba, equally as fine 
a vine, is the winter bloomer. 

Veronicas and Dasylirions and groups of 
shrubbery were commented on. The party 
rested in the audience room of the New Mex- 
ico Building for an excellent twenty minute 
talk by Mr. Dudley on Forestry and what the 
Government is trying to do and doing. Fine 
lantern slides illustrative of the work and 
subject were rapidly thrown upon the screen. 
Later, on the second floor of the same build- 
ing was explained how the foresters locate 
fires, how the rains wash away the soil from 
denuded lands and the importance and value 
of the reforesting and regrassing the lands. 

Again the excursion took up the inspection 
of plants along the West side of the San 
Joaquin Building. The Coast Cherry or 

Primus integrifolia, Pittosporum eugenoides, 
the attractive white potato vine, Solanum Jas- 
minoides, the Melaluca alba and leptosper- 
mum laevigata. The Bougainvillea Glabra va- 
viety Braziliensis about the plaza; Hakea sua- 
veoleus and pugioformis and encalyptoides. 
The charming and universally admired grevil- 
lea thelemaniana, with its feather-like leaves 
and coral red blooms. The Bougainvillea lat- 
eritia with brick colored flowers, Italian cy- 
press, Arizona cypress, poinsettia, coprosma, 
water lilies, Australian bluebells, (solly hetro- 
phylla) Eucalyptus polyanthema and the fine 
blackwood acacias led us on to the display of 
cut flowers and shrubs, etc., in the court and 
corridors of the Southern California Building. 

Ornamental Shrubs for South- 
ern California. { 

Prepared by R. T. Stevens 

Deciduous Shrubs^ (Cool, Shady Exposures) 

Berberis thunbergii, Thunberg's Barberry, 

Caesalpinia gilliesii, Bird-of-Paradise, 6'. 

Cydonia japonica, Japanese Quince, 6'. 

Diervilla (Weigela), especially Van Houttei 
and Eva Rathke, 6'. 

Elaeagnus unbellata, Oleaster, 10'. 

Erythrina cristi-galli, Coral Tree, 5'. 

Euonymus europaeus, Spindle Tree, 8'. 

Lagerstroemia indica, Crape Myrtle, 15'. 

Punica granatum nana, Dwarf fl. Pomegra- 
nate, 6'. 

Spiraea cantoniensis, Bridal Wreath, 6'. 

Tamarix hispida aestivalis — late flowering, 

Tamarix paviflora — early flowering, 8'. 
Evergreen Shrubs — Foliage Only 

Azara microphylla (half shade), 10', Hakea 
elliptica, 8'. . 

*Aberia caffra, 10', Hakea saligna, 8'. 

Coprosma baueri (best in half-shade), 6', 
Hakea suaveolens, 10'. 

Coprosma baueri variegata (best in half- 
shade), 2'-5'. 

Coprosma robusta, 6'. 

Elaeagnus pungens aurea, 6'. 

Ligustrum coriaceum, 3'. 

Ligustrum sinense, Chinese Privet, 6'. 

Michelia fuscata (half-shade), 5'. 

Maytenus boaria (half-shade), 10'. 

Nandina domestica, Sacred Bamboo, 6'. 

Olea fragrans (half-shade), 8'. 

Prunus lusitanica, Portugal Laurel, 8'. 

Prunus laurocerasus, (half-shade), 10'. 

Pittosporum tobira variegata, 6'. 

Pittosporum erioloma, 8'. 

Pittosporum >phyllyraeoides, 10'-15'. 

Pittosporum ralphii, 10'. 

Rhus ovata — Sugar Bush, 6'. 

*Strobilanthus dyerianus, (moist soil), 6'. 

Viburnum sandankwa, 8'. 



AVhite Flowers 

Choisya ternata, Mexican Orange, 5'. 
Cistus ladeniferous maculatus, Rock Rose, 

*Carissa grandiflora, Natal Plum, 4'. 
Cotoneaster pannosa, 8'. 
Cotoneaster franchetii, 6'. 
Cotoneaster horizontalis, 2'. 
Cotoneaster microphylla, 2'. 
Cornus capitata, Evergreen Dogwood, 8'. 
Diosma ericoides, Breath of Heaven, 3'. 
Duranta plumieri alba, 6'. 
*Dombeya natalensis, 10'. 
* Eugenia myrtifolia, Australian Bush Cher, 
ry, 15'. 

*Eugenia uniflora, 6'. 

Escallonia montevidensis, 8'. 

Genista monosperma, White Broom, 6'. 

*Hibiscus heterophyllus, 6'. 

Myrtus communis and varieties, Common 
Myrtle, 5'. 

Myrtus lume (Eugenia apiculata), 6'. 

Myrtus ligni (Eugenia ugni), 3'. 

Photinia serrulata, 10'. 

Pittosporum rhombifolium, 15'. 

Pittosporum viridiflorum, 8'. 

Pittosporum undulatum, 10'. 

Philadelphus guatamalense, Evergreen 
Mock Orange, 3'. 

Pyracantha coccinea, Evergreen Thorn, 8'. 

Pyracantha crenulata, Evergreen Thorn, 6'. 

Pyracantha angustifolia, 5'. 

Rhodorhiza florida, 5'. 

*Rapiolepis indica, 5'. 

Rapiolepis japonica, 4'. 

*Swainsona albiflora, 3'. 

*Trachelospermum jasminioides, 3'. 

Veronica elliptica, 2'. 

Veronica traversii, 1'. 

Veronica buxifolia, 1'. 

Red Flowers 

Fuchsia magellanica riccartoni, 3'. 
Feijoa sellowiana, 4'. 

*Fuchsia fulgens (best in half-shade), 3'. 
* Fuchsia arborescens (best in half-shade), 
t> . 

*Grevillea thelemanniana, 3'. 
Hakea laurina, 8'. 
*Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, 8'. 
Leptospermum bullatum, 5'. 
Leptospermum nichollii, 6'. 
Melaleuca hypericifolia, 6'. 
Melaleuca wilsoni, 6'. 
Meterosideros robusta, 8'. 
Metrosideros lucida, 6'. 
*Salvia sessei, Tree Salvia, 5'. 
*Schotia brachypetala, 8'. 
*Sphaeralcea umbellata, 8'. 
Tecoma capensis, 8'. 

Veronica imperialis (does well in half- 
shade), 3'. 

YelloAv Flowers 

Berberis darwinii, Darwin's Barberry, 3'. 
Cassia artemisisides, 3'. 

Cytissus scoparius andreanus, Crimson 
Scotch Broom, 3'. 

Hypericum calycinum, St. John's Wort, 1'. 
Jasminum humile, Italian Yellow Jasmine, 

Jasminum primulinum, 3'. 
Oleander — White or yellow — 10'. 
Parkinsonia aculeata, 8'. 
*Tecoma smithii, 6'. 
*Thevetia nerifolia, 6'. 


Asystasia bella (shade) (Mackaya), 2'. 
Duranta plumiori, 6'. 
Echium fastuosum, 3'. 
Hardenbergia monophylla, 3'. 
Melaleuca decussata, 3'. 
*Pleoroma splendens (moist soil), 4'. 
Statice fruticans, V. 

Sollya heterophylla, Australian Bluebell (in 
shade), 1'. 

Veronica decussata, 2'. 

Pink Flowers 

Abelia grandiflora (best in half-shade), 5\ 
*Acokanthera spectabilis, 3'. 
*Cantua buxifolia, Magic Tree, 6'. 
*Clerodendron fallax, (half-shade), 3'. 
*Clerodendron fragrans, (half-shade), 3'. 
Cotoneaster franchetii, 6'. 
*Dombeya spectabilis, 8'. 

Erica melanthera (objects to alkaline soil) 

Erica mediterranea (objects to alkaline 
soil), 2'. 

Erica persolutea (objects to alkaline soil). 

Erica codonoides veitchii (objects to alka- 
line soil), 3'. 

*Fuchsia corymbiflora (best in half-shade), 

*Iochroma fuchsioides, 8'. 
*Jacobina carnea (Justicia), 3'. 
*Jacobina pauciflora, 3'. 
Leptospermum chapmanii, 5'. 
Pimelea ferruginea, 3'. 
*Rondeletia cordata, 5'. 
Veronica carnea, 2'. 

Orange Flowers 

*Cuphea micropetala, 1'. 

*Lantana — dwarf hybrids, 2'. 

Libonia floribunda, 2'. 

*Streptosolen jamesonii, 3'. 

NOTE: Shrubs marked with (*) are sub- 
ject to injury by 10-12 degrees of frost. 

Figures after name indicate height of 

Berried Shrubs 

Berberis darwinii. 
Berberis thunbergii. 
Cotoneaster franchetii. 
Cotoneaster horizontalis. 
Cotoneaster microphylla. 
Cotoneaster pannosa. 
Cornus capitata. 
Duranta plumieri. 
Elaeagnus umbellata. 
Eugenia myrtifolia. 
Euonymus europaeus. 
Myrtus Luma. 


Myrtus ugni. 
Nandina domestica. 
Pittosporum rhombifolium. 
Pyracantha coccinea. 
Pyracantha crenulata. 
Pyracantha angustifolia. 

Balboa Park Display 

Balboa Park was represented by a large 
display of sprays of seasonable trees and 
shrubs covering a table nearly twenty feet 
square, the specimens having all been cut from 
trees or shrubs growing in our 1400 acre 
city park. 

There was a collection of berry-bearing 
shrubs of many kinds, one of which was 
contoneaster frigida, long, slender, willowy 
sprays with small clusters of bright red 
berries distributed along the entire length. 
The shrubs from which these were cut in 
the west section of the park, have their 
branches actually lying upon the ground 
under the weight of the berries, and present a 
fine show. Contoneaster angustifolia, with 
a longer leaf, and somewhat similar to frigida, 
together with microphylla, the tiny pro- 
strate dwarf type, were also among those pre- 

There was a particularly gorgeous spray 
of Crataegus lalandi, the orange berried haw- 
thorn, and several good specimens cut from 
Crataegus pyrantha, the scarlet berried one. 

Sprays of Duranta plumieri showed both 
its dainty blue flowers and its golden yellow 
berries, the latter entirely justifying the com- 
mon name of golden Dewdrop. 

A less known pepper tree schinus terebin- 
thifolius was represented by clusters of red 
berries, quite similar to those borne by its 
commoner relative, although the leaf is quite 
distinct, being both broader and blunter in 

There was quite a sprinkling of pitto- 
sporums in berry; the better known P. 
undulatum and rhombifolum both conspicuous 
by reason of their bright yellow fruit, but 
isomewhait different as to leaf. A comparatively 
rare and very interesting species was seen 
in P. phyllraeoides, a willow-leaved drooping 
species, not so showy in berry, but a very 
graceful shrub. Another rare species shown 
was P. viridiflorum, the "green-flowered" 
pittosporum, somewhat suggesting both to- 
bira and undulatum in leaf habit. 

Among the shrubs bearing larger fruits 
were prunus earoliniensis with its purplish 
fruit, and 'the very curious arbutus unedo, 
the 'Strawberry Tree", whose edible fruits 
are identical in appearance with those borne 
on the vines. This tree and the ordinary 
strawberry are not in any way related. 

The liliputian of fruits was that borne on 
the branches of muehlenbeckia platyclados, 
the tape plant. When these have attained 

their full maturity they are about an eighth 
of an inch in diameter. 

Two pines were represented by cone-bear- 
ing branches, viz. pinus halapensis and the 
justly famous pinus torreyana, known 
wherever pines are known. 

In addition to the "berry display", there 
was a wealth of sprays from trees and shrubs 
now in bloom. A large portion of ithe cen- 
ter of the table was filled with poinsettias, 
while a pleasing contrast was formed by the 
golden yellow of acacia podalyriaefolia. This 
specises deserves special mention as it is 
the earliest of all in coming into bloom, has 
the glaucous foliage, and large clusters of 
clear yellow bloom which are so greatly ad- 
mired in acacia baileyana. The habit of 
growth is also similar to that of A. Baileyana. 

Sprays of two cassias were interesting as 
showing the decided difference between the 
species. C. tomentosa, with dark green, 
broadly pinnate leaves is the better known 
of the two, and is grown in large quantities in 
Balboa Park. C. artemesiodes is of less robust 
habiit of growth, and has, as its specific name 
indicates, glaucous, needle-like foliage very 
similar to the wild artemesia or sage of our 

Two Heaths were shown, viz., erica 
mediterranea, and E. melanthera, the latter 
by far the more effective of the two, with its 
immense spikes of pale lavender flowers 
borne in the greatest profusion. 

There were hakeas in four species, H. 
laurina, or eucalyptoides which is called sea 
urchin on the riviera, by reason of its curious 
globular, crimson and yellow flowers. The 
specific name eucalyptoides is rather more 
descriptive than is laurina, the former having 
reference to the eucalyptus-like leaf. This 
was the only one of the four which was in 
bloom. H. suaveolens and H. pugioniformis 
are both needle-leaved types and are very 
similar. H. pectinata was the fourth species 

Sprays of iochroma tubulosa attracted con- 
siderable attention. This shrub, a South 
American product, bears clusters of sometimes 
as many as twenty flowers, tubular in shape, 
and purple in color, and is very showy when 
in full bloom. 

Of course, no collection of flowering shrubs 
cultivated in Southern California would be 
complete without, so there were several colors 
of the common hibiscus, represented, including 
the variety peachblow, which is all that its 
name promises. There was also a specimen 
of hibiscus rnutabilis, the "changeable" hibis- 
cus so called because of the fact that while 
the flowers ordinarily open white or pink, by 
night their color has been transformed into 
a dark red. 

This species is not so easily recognized as 
hibiscus, but bears in a more marked degree 

(Concluded on Page 16) 

A San Diego Orchid Collection 


S dainty a bit of gardening as one 
could wish to see is to be found at 
the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. Fred 
Schlingman on Second, near Spruce 
Street. "Back yards" are frequently glori- 
fied by attractive planting in California, and 
no more pleasing pattern or working design 
need be desired than that employed by Mrs. 

The ground space is not large, a grass plot 
on which stands a hickory table and chairs 
suggesting an out-of-door dining room; to 
the east a lath house, and a Cecil Brunner 
covered fence; to the north a small propa- 
gating nursery; while the garage and house 
occupy the southern and western exposures 
of the lot. 

The collection of orchid plants contained 
in the lath house is quite distinctive. It is 
most gratifying to note the thrifty, luxuriant 
growth of these plants. Mrs. Schlingman re- 
ports that they have blossomed profusely, and 
will be in flower again during January. Twen- 
ty varieties are represented in this collec- 
tion, and as many of these are duplicated 
there are forty plants in all. The flowers in- 
clude the delicate lavendar ones so often 
seen, as well as the more unusual species. 
The orchids are growing in individual pots 
placed on a shelf just under the roof in the 
southeastern corner of the lath house. They 
are covered with glass, and sliding panes of 
glass are in front of the shelf so that the 
plants may be entirely protected from the 
chill of the outer air. Basins of water are 
kept among the orchids and when the glass 
doors are closed a damp, "steamy" atmos- 
phere is achieved and in this the eccentric 
orchid thrives. 

Two pools are edged with lichen-covered 
rocks and overgrown with dainty pink and 
yellow water lilies, and pale blue water-hya- 
cinths. Gold fish play in these clear pools, 
and slender grasses add to the tropical charm. 
In the center of one of the pools a tree fern 
is growing, tall and graceful, giving promise 
of being as fine as the members of his family 
living in the lath house at the exposition. 

In Mrs. Schlingman's lath house there are 
some of the finer begonias and ferns, but it 
is refreshing to find that other plants, that 
seek the shade and shelter, such as hyacinth, 
tulips, narcissi, jonquils and cyclamen, are 
given the major portion of the space. Of 
course at present these bulbs are hidden in 
the damp soil, but in the winter and early 
spring the blossoms will be a delight. The 
cyclamen are in bloom now and add color to 

the ferns among which they grow. A bril- 
liant salvia lends just the necessary glow 
to one corner that is deep in green foliage; 
and dainty vari-colored sultanas nod over the 
"slab-wood" rims of the garden boxes. 

Among the hundreds of ferns two speci- 
mens which prove particularly attractive are 
the five-fingered; and a large-leafed, lacey 
fern brought from Mill Valley; these call for 
"honorable mention." 

Mr. Schlingnian, being partial to cacti 
plants, has some very rare ones brought with 
much difficulty from their native deserts. 
These are growing in a warm, sunny part of 
the lath house, and their blossoms have been 
so gorgeous that they have compensated for 
all the trouble of transplanting. 

Notice being taken of several odd looking 
palms growing in Japanese tubs, it was dis- 
covered that they were indeed unusual. These 
palms are natives of Japan and grow so slow- 
ly that now having attained seventy summers 
they are about four feet high! The leaves 
grow at the top of thin, brownish stalks and 
are fan shaped. Mrs. Schlingman has had 
these palms twenty-four years and she says 
that on the plants there are "several genera- 
tions of leaves", .and that even the oldest are 
still "hale and hearty." 

The Lath House 

VERY FALL there is a tendency to 
stop work in the lathhouse and wait 
for the rain, and in consequence 
many things suffer. No rain so far 
this season gave potted things or nanging 
baskets even an ordinary wetting, such as 
was supplied through the hose every day in 
summer, and yet, the wind and tne sun have 
been peculiarly drying. Many things are not 
quite happy till these cool nights arrive. The 
holly ferns, scolopendriums and the nephro- 
lepis and pteris tremula will do some of their 
best growing now if supplied with moisture. 
This is cineraria weather and they should be 
growing fast if the slugs can be kept from 
them. Many begonias too are growing strong- 
ly and blooming still and flowers are worth 
while just now. 

It has before been suggested that variety 
of lilies should be tried in the lath house and 
the writer is taking his own prescription, hav- 
ing secured eighteen different kinds, only a 
few bulbs of each. According to description 
these run from white to deep red and grow 
from two to ten feet, with a blooming season 
from May to August. There is aiso a bed of 



some hundred tiger lilies raised to blooming 
size from bulblets on the place. 

Mr. Ed Howard visited this latn nouse and 
he thinks very many of the more delicate ana 
beautiful palms might be grown under lath. 
He has bright hopes for Phoenix Roebelini, 
if it be well fed, and later on he may suggest 
certain experiments. 

The matter of fertilizing in lath houses is 
one calling for thought and care, it should 
involve a building up of the soil to the con- 
dition of the deep woods floor. Humus is 
perhaps more necessary than actual plant food 
for liquid fertilizer can be applied readily and 
frequently. Whatever the mixture it must 
be fine so as to make easy application around 
ferns and delicate things and it must not 
have any burn in it. With these provisos in 
mind, it would seem best to top dress with a 
mixture of one part cow manure to three 
parts leaf mold, and if the original soil be 
stiff, one part of coarse sand might well take 

the place of that amount of lear moid. The 
Pacific Garden had an excellent article on 
leaf mold recently in which the common falla- 
cies about it were discussed. To make leaf 
mold that is of any value a wet decay of 
vegetable matter is necessary and small leaves 
and twigs do not make it; they are the un- 
converted raw material. The stuff found spar- 
ingly under our brush near town is not leaf 
mold and the writer has hauled his a sack at 
a time from Descanso as the nearest point 
where the real stuff can be had. It is not 
said that good leaf mold cannot be had nearer 
than Descanso, only that the writer has not 
found it. With the auto trucks hauling for 
thirty-five cents per hundred pounds it would 
seem that the nursery folks could keep it on 
hand for retail at a reasonable figure. It 
does not sell at the price of sand or crushed 
rock in any country. A Northern firm quotes 
it at $1.15 for a fifty pound sack, specifying 
oak leaves and wild lilac a combination we 
have in quantity. 

igcggc*sil (Sial frtrc gsr^il ffg^, - 

■sj) pr^^uL^rgSgj ] nr^TCg^rS gj) r^S^ui rstej rgggygi ^t 


Miss Mary Matthews 


£^i^ ^-y-^i}))^^ {rs 'P^^?T)^^^ ^^V^fT)^^ STfMI 

ON'T wait longer to buy and put in 
those bulbs that you want for Spring- 
bloom. From this time on, they 
will begin to lose vitality if kept 
out of the ground. Prepare your ground 
for planting trees and shrubs by digging 
deeply and manuring well. Trees, shrubs 
and numerous vines can be planted this 
month. Make your list and send it in early 
to your nurseryman, for, if received before 
the rush season, you will probably get better 
stock and prompter service. Don't neglect 
the old reliables when ordering. We are so 
prone to seek novelties that often some of 
the best and well tried things are neglected. 
Still there is a fascination about experiment- 
ing with new things and of course our gar- 
dens would lack variety and interest if we 
all grew just the old time favorites. It is 
only by experiment that we progress. Speak- 
ing of novelties, I read the other day, an 
article by a botanist rambling through New 
Zealand, in which he speaks of numerous co- 
prosmas nearly all differing in their leaves, 
one that had brilliant red berries, and an- 
other only about two feet high in growth. 
What a charming little hedge this would 
make. But for real information along this 
line read "A wanderer in China", by Wilson. 

Take out all summer blooming annuals that 
are past their prime and prepare the ground 
for replanting. If you want the space where 
chrysanthemums grew, you can lift and heel 

them in in some out of the way spot, mark- 
ing each clump carefully for next season's 
division. Transplant all seedlings that you 
have in boxes that are out of the seed leaf. 
I have always thought this a good month to 
divide the beardless Iris, though some wait 
till February. They are all water loving, 
semi-aquatic you might say, Gigantea Orient- 
alis, Monerii and hybrid of these are all good, 
easily grown and increase rapidly. Put in 
another of Gladiolus, giving rich soil and 
plenty of water. 

If you are going to start that lily garden, 
this is the month to plant quite a number of 
them. All the specie sums do well put in at 
this time. Our Exposition grounds should 
have been a good monthly calender for us. 
Few of us have failed to visit them at least 
ence a month. Some of us every few days, 
and there we have opportunity to see about 
everything that can be grown in this section, 
in the open and with protection. We have 
seen just what location they needed, what 
protection from winds and how irrigated, 
time of bloom and fruit, so that this coming- 
year, our gardens ought to be more beautiful, 
giving more joy and pleasure, and that is 
the use of a garden, chiefly. In the words 
of an old writer, "And who can deny that 
the principal end of an orchard is the honest 
delight of one wearied with work of this 
lawful calling. What was Paradise but a 
garden and orchard of trees and herbs, full 
of pleasure and nothing there but delight." 

NLY a day ago some one asked, "Can- 
not somebody else write those rose 
articles?" It was admitted they 
could and ought to, for the same 
thing has to be said over and over again and 
if new people keep saying it, it does not lose 
emphasis as it is apt to do with the same 
old hack driving the pen. That somebody 
else has not appeared this month, so the old 
original once more proceeds to put a line 
under the necessity of starting right with 

Buy good stock, two years old and grown 
as near home as first-class stuff can be had. 
The logic of this is that this two-year-old 
stock has been grown by one who knew how 
to produce the best possible bush for plant- 
ing at this time and is full of energy to bloom 
the next spring. It should be grown as near 
home as possible so that the change in en- 
vironment will be the least shock. Small pot- 
ted roses are never cheap; they simply cost 
less to start with but are worth very much 
less at blooming time and not one out of 
twenty buyers knows enough or will exercise 
sufficient self restraint in nipping off buds to 
grow them ever to the standard of first class 
stock. A rose bush cannot grow into good 
stock and mature every bud on the way. 

A rose wants room under the ground as 
well as above, and this calls for a big hole in 
planting. Before you dig a hole just spread 
out the roots of a good two-year-old bush 
from the nursery, distributing them round 
and out as they should grow, and you will 
see that they cover a good deal of space. Dig 
that hole wider and deeper than you think 
you need. If your soil is the common kind, 
very shallow, put some of the top under the 
bush, and make the floor a trifle higher in 
the centre than on the sides. This will turn 
the ends of the roots down and start them 
the way they should go. Space the roots also 
and plant about one inch deeper than before, 
the stock will show you this line. Get the 
good soil in the hole first, for it is least im- 
portant what you have on top, but don't put 
fertiliser in the hole. If you must use any 
when the bush cannot utilize it make a mulch 
of it. Firm the ground thoroughly, seeing 
that the soil gets in between the roots. 

Dormant stock is away the best and should 
be planted as soon as possible to insure good 
root growth before the tops begin to grow. 

Roses dislike too much shade, wind or 
drafts, so choose a location for them with 
these debarred. 

For new comers who are seeking a list for 
planting, General McArthur is our best red; 

American Beauty is a beast with us and 
should not be tried; Frau Karl Druschki and 
Kaiserin Augusta Victoria give satisfaction in 
whites. Our yellows should be qualified as 
"near." They are Franz Deegen, Sunset, 
Souvenir de Pierre Notting, Safrano. In 
Pinks, the old standby Maman Cochet, Caro- 
line Testout, Clara Watson, Madame Leon 
Paine and Abel Chatenay. Several good things 
in orange and apricot shades among which 
Joseph Hill is first, then Lyon, Mrs. Aaron 
Ward, Mrs. Waddell. The petite Madame 
Cecile Bruner is a riot of joy; the Chero- 
kees are almost weeds, and our nursery folks 
are passing honest and will tell you what not 
to try if you have imported predilections. 

A man came along the other day wtio really 
knew something about pruning and proceeded 
to give the writer a lesson. The instructor 
came from out of town or he might have hesi- 
tated to disturb so much of preconceived no- 
tion, or rather to place a local authority on 
the dunce's stool. Among much that has ap- 
peared in these pages, two or three points 
worthy of mention were brought up. One 
that all cuts should be made on any growth, 
whether rose or something else, not to ex- 
ceed an eighth of an inch above a bud, as 
this bud in pushing will grow a callous very 
quickly right over the scar and prevent pos- 
sible decay. When a bush is overbalanced in 
growth, slip in a bud to restore the equili- 
brium. It is better to try and build up a 
bush from one vigorous shoot than ten feeble 
ones. The little branches that have borne 
flowers the year before are a delusion and a 

It is better to delay pruning for a few 
weeks yet. Our nearest dormant season is 
ahead and pruning might start growth which 
is not desirable. 

Loosen the ground round your roses and 
put some manure on the top, "DreaK it up 
well so the rains can go th/ougn It. 

If you want to make cuttings, now is a 
good time. Take well matured wood of last 
season's growth, cut it into six-inch pieces 
and bury four inches in the ground where 
they can stay a year without being disturbed, 
preferably in partial shade and convenient to 

The Garden Beautiful in California 

Mr. Ernest Braunton has sent a copy of his 
recently published book, "The Garden Beauti- 
full in California". This is the work of a re- 
cognized expert who knows the troubles and 
tribulations as well as the joys of gardening 
in Southern California from actual experience. 



List of Garden Books 

The accompanying bibliographies are ex- 
tracts from a list compiled and published by 
the San Diego County Library- As the books 
in this library are not available to persons 
residing within the corporate limits of the 
city of San Diego, the list is submitted only 
for what value it may have as containing 
suggestions as to the latest and best books 
published on these subjects. Many of these 
books can no doubt be obtained at the City 
Library, or bought as desired. G. R. G. 


Adams, H. S. Flower gardening. 1913. 

Doubleday, Mrs. Nellie B. (De Graff). 
American flower garden. 1-913. 

Ely, Helena R. A woman's hardy garden. 

Frothingham, Jessie P. Success in gar- 
dening. 1913. 

Jenkins, E. H. The hardy flower book. 

Meier, W. H. D. School and home gardens. 

Rexford, E. E. Flowers, how to grow them. 

Galloway, B. T. Violet culture. 1914. 

Hole, S. R. Book about roses. 1911. 

Holmes, E. Commercial rose culture. 1911. 

Saylor, H. H. Making a rose garden. 1912. 

Wickson, E. J. California garden flowers. 

Kains, M. G. Making horticulture pay. 

McCauley, Lena May. Joy of gardens. 

Meier, W. H. D. School and home gardens. 

Oliver, G. W. Plant culture. 1912. 

Rexford, E. E. Home floriculture. 1914. 

Rockwell, F. F. Home vegetable garden- 
ing. 1911. 

Saint Maur, Mrs. Kate (Vandenhoff) . Mak- 
ing home profitable. 1912. 

Scott, T. In praise of gardens. 1910. 

Tabor, Grace. The garden primer. 1911. 

Same. Old-fashioned gardening. 1913. 

Same. Suburban gardens. 1912. 

Tricker, W. Making a water garden. 1913. 

Ver Beck, Mrs. Hanna (Rion). Let's make 
a flower garden. 1912. 

Verrill, A. H. Harper's book for young- 
gardeners. 1914. 

Wright, W. P. An illustrated encyclopedia 
of gardening. 1911. 

Same. The new gardening. 1913. 


Bailey, L. H. Plant breeding. 1906. 

Coulter, J. M. Fundamentals of plant 
breeding. 1914. 

Duggar, B. M. Plant phyiology. 1911. 

Harwood, W. S. New creations in plant 
life. 1907. 

Jordan, D. S. The scientific aspects of 
Luther Burbank's work. 1909. 

Oliver, G. W. Plant culture. 1912. 

Vries, Hugo de. Plant breeding; comments 
on the experiments of Wilson and Burbank. 


Bailey, L. H. The pruning book. 1907. 


Adams, H. S. Flower gardening. 1913. 

Angier, Belle S. The garden book of Cali- 
fornia. 1906. 

Arnim, Mary A. (Beauchamp). Elizabeth 
and her German garden. 1900. 

Bailey, Liberty H. Cyclopedia of Ameri- 
can horticulture. 4 vol. 19 02. 

Same. Farm and garden rule book. 1911. 

Same. Nursery book. 1912. 

Du Cane, Florence. The flowers and gar- 
dens of Japan. 1908. 

Duncan, Frances. Mary's garden and how 
it grew. 1904. 

Ely, Helena R. Anothe,r hardy garden 
book. 19 05. 

Same. A woman's hardy garden. 1903. 

Frothingham, Jessie P. Success in garden- 
ing. 1913. 

Hall, George P. Garden helps. 1911. 

Henderson, Peter. Gardening for profit. 

Henderson, J. A. Gardens shown to chil- 

Higgins, Myrta Margaret. Little gardens 
for boys and girls. 1910. 

McLaren, J. Gardening 'in California. 1914. 

Tabor, Grace 
this year. 1912 

Wickson, E. J 

Bailey, L. PI. 

Bailey, L. H. 

Bennet, I. D. 

Bolt, J. W. 

Cable, G. W. 

Making a garden bloom 
California garden flowers. 

Forcing book. 1913. 
Garden making. 1913. 
Vegetable garden. 1915. 
Back yard farmer. 1914. 
Amateur gardening. 1914, 

Continued on Page 7J 


By Ernest Braunton, Horticulturist and Landscape Designer; Editor Home and City Beautiful. 

The best book published on Gardening in California, Over 200 pages, freely illustrated. 

Bound in silk cloth, price $1.00 net; postpaid, $1.10. Send for one. 

ERNEST BRAUNTON, 237 Franklin St., Los Angeles, Cal. 



The California Garden 

Alfred D. Robinson, Editor 
G. T. Keene, Manager 

Christ. An edible fig was represented 2 000 
B. C, and a pomegranate 1500 B. C. Her 
talk was most interesting. 


The San Diego Floral Association 

Main Office, Point Loma, California 
Secretary's Office, 727 E St., San Diego, Cal. 


Alfred D. Robinson, President 

Miss K. O. Sessions, Vice-President 

G. T. Keene, Secretary 

L. A. Blochman, Treasurer 

Miss A.M. Rainford, Miss Alice Lee, Mrs. Thos. Kneale 

Entered as second-class matter December 8, 1910, at 
the post office at Point Loma, California, under the Act 
of March 3, 1879. 

California Garden is on the list of publications authorized by the San 
Diego Retail Merchants Association. 

Subscription, $1.00 per year 


One Page $10.00 Half Page, $5.00 

Quarter Page 2.50 Eighth Page 1.50 

Advertising Copy should be in by the 25th of each Month 

Elite Printing Co. 

,727 E St., San Diego 


The January Meeting of the San Diego 
Floral Association will be held Tuesday eve- 
ning, the 18th, at the Frank Salmons resi- 
dence, 2440 C Street. The subjects for dis- 
cussion are, (a) "Growing plants from seed." 
(b) "Pruning." 


The February meeting will be with Mr. 
and Mrs. L. A. Blochman, Firsl: and Thorn 
Sts., on Tuesday evening, the 15th. Subjects, 
(a) "Roses — how to plant and prune. (b) 

November Meeting 

The November" meeting of the San Diego 
Floral Association was held at the home of 
Mrs. A. C. Younkin, on Kansas St., near 
University. The subject of "bulbs" was con- 
tinued from the meeting before and consider- 
able time taken to planning for ithe Floral 
Day at the Exposition, which has since been 
held. Mrs. Younkin has a very pretty little 
cottage home, with a fine rose garden and 
many other interesting and well-kept plants. 
Though perhaps our oldest member in point 
of years, she is one of the most faithful and 
deeply interested in all plant subjects. 

Another feature of the November meeting 
was a talk by Miss Ransom, of New York 
City, who told of the drawings on the Egyp- 
tian ruins, of which she has made a study, 
particularly of the plants and flowers there 
portrayed. Some drawings of plants were 
made in the first and second dynasties, pro- 
bably three of four thousand years before 

One who rides about the city, away from 
the much-traveled streets, is constantly 
running upon little beauty spots, showing the 
outcropping of the artistic temperament and 
the love of nature. Many winding canyons 
hide pretty little bungalow or cottage homes, 
with terraces and contour paths, flower beds, 
summer houses, arbors, lath-houses, cobble- 
stone walls, and all manner of ingenious in- 
ventions make pleasing combinations. If 
every citizen would take the trouble to SEE 
San Diego they would have a better realiz- 
ation of the great improvement steadily going 
on, and of the important part flowers, trees 
and plants are playing in it. 

The Health Department of the City is doing 
good work in the down-town districts in 
forcing the owners of real estate to clean up 
•their premises. Many old tumble-down shacks 
have been removed and rubbish carted away 
which had reposed peacefully for years. It 
is a good long - step in the right direction. 
Beauty and cleanliness are great assets to any 
city, and particularly to San Diego, which 
seems destined to be America's playground. 
The Board of Health should have the hearty 
co-operation of every good citizen. Let's make 
this the cleanest city in America. 

The poinsettia blooms are glorious again 
this year, being of great size and many of 
them reaching the second-story windows of 
the dwellings. Back East they have them in 
pots in the hot-houses, while out here there 
are actually masses of them growing to 
wonderful perfection out of doors. After 
blooming the shrubs are cut back and new 
plants are propagated from cuttings. 

New Wildflower Book 

There is to hand a new edition of Theodore 
Payne's California Wildflowers, which con- 
tains descriptions of several varieties not 
hitherto included. 

If the book were not worthy of commend- 
ation for itself, and it certainly is, the work 
that Mr. Payne has done to popularize among 
us our own flowers, would entitle it to con- 
sideration. In the years to come when the 
graves of scattered subdivisions rebecome 
wild flower gardens, and every Park in the 
States has its wild flower patch, or acreage 
rather, the thousands who revel in the riot, 
of color will rise up and bless the name or 
Payne who gathered seed while the mule and 
scraper destroyed. 

The little book contains sixteen excellent 
illustrations from photographs and under- 
standable descriptions of upwards of an hun- 
dred species. It sells for fifteen c^nts and 
can be had of the author. 

TSb® Veuetefe 



Now that we have had such a timely rain 
be sure and take full advantage of it to get 
your ground in first-class condition. There 
are probably many corners that you have not 
touched and many plants, trees and shrubs 
that you have more or less neglected, be- 
cause the ground was hard and you did not 
have the time or inclination to irrigate in 
order ito give them a thorough cultivation. 
You will find now that it is a positive pleas- 
ure to get to work on these neglected places 
with hoe, rake and spade, and give them a 
thorough going over. 

In the vegetable garden dig in well-rotted 
manure and put in a fresh supply of prac- 
tically all the things you have already 
planted. Lettuce and radishes are two fav- 
orites that are nearly always in season, and 
are so much nicer when you have a succes- 
sion of crop coming on each month. Prick- 
ly spinach and parsnips are also very much 
in season now for sowing, and you can never 
have too many peas. American Wonder is 
the best dwarf pea and about the quickest of 
the lot. The Senator is a new pea, medium 
height, good size pods, somewhat similar to 
the Stratagem, but a heavier cropper and 
longer bearer, and comes in about two weeks 
earlier. Be sure to try .some of these. If 
you have good high warm ground you can 
try your luck with a few Canadian Wonder 
and Broad Windsor beans. The latter you 
are sure to get a crop from, the vines are so 
sturdy and hardy and the pods are so thick 
and withstand the frost so well. The Ca- 
nadian Wonder are hardier than the average 
bean and there is a fair chance of getting a 
crop from them under ordinary weather con- 
ditions. Get your cabbage and cauliflower 
plants out now, also your asparagus plants 
and rhubarb roots. Both of these are fond 
of manure and do best in rich deep soil. Get 

your asparagus roots two or three years old 
and plant in rows three feet apart and about 
two feet apart in the row. You can raise 
other quick growing vegetables between the 
rows and keep both these and your asparagus 
going nicely with the same amount of work 
that it would take for your asparagus alone. 
Conover's Colossal and Palmetto are both 
good varieties to plant. 

If you have not already set out your straw- 
berry bed, do so now and get a nice return 
of berries in the spring. Prune your decidu- 
ous fruit trees, apples, peaches, plums, etc., 
during the latter part of this month and 
January, and spray your peach trees with 
lime and sulphur solution to prevent blight 
and other ills. If you are going to plant any 
deciduous fruit trees put them in early, not 
later than January, also your berries, etc. 
For succession of blooms put in another 
planting of Narcissus, Hyacinths and Glad- 
iolus bulbs. 

Boulger, G. S 

Britton, N. L. 

Chase, J. S. 
California mountains 


Continued from Page IJ 


Familiar trees. 1907. 
North American trees. 1908. 
Cone bearing trees of the 


Hall, H. 
and shrubs. 

Hough, R. 

M. Studies in ornamental trees 

B. Handbook of the trees of the 
northern states and Canada each of the Rocky 
mountains. 1907. 

Jepson, W. L. Silva of California. 1910. 
Same. Trees of California. 1909. 
Rogers, Julia E. Trees that every child 
should know. 1909. 

Smith, C. E. Trees shown to the children. 

California Wild Flower Seeds 


HY NOT sow that vacant lot or waste piece of ground with CaliforniaWild 
Flower seeds? Put them in early and get the benefit of the rains. They grow 
quickly and will convert that waste spot into a marvel of beauty for many 
months. I make a specialty of California Wild Flower Seeds and Native 
Plants and have over 150 species for you to select from. 

Write for my free pamphlet on beautifying vacant lots and send 15c for a copy 
new edition of my iilu^lrated booklet, "California IV ild Flowers," dest 

over 100 beautiful species with notes on their culture and care. 

THEODORE PAYNE < SpeciaIi ^ 0, a S , N^e^ d n, F s ! owerSeeds > 

of the 

345 South Main Street 




(Continued from Pa%e Q) 

the evidence of its membership in the mallow 

The specimen of ceanothus cuneatus which 
was shown appeared to have its dates some- 
what mixed, to be in bloom in the month of 

The many variations of the flowers of 
eucalyptus ficifolia were exemplified by speci- 
mens ranging from almost white to deep scar- 

Nearly fifty different varieties of choice roses 
were displayed from the rose garden (located 
north of the Laurel St. entrance, just outside 
the Exposition grounds), most of which were 
as good blooms as could have been obtained 
at any time of the year. Some of the best 
were; Detroit and radiance, mentioned to- 
gether because they are similar in habit of 
bloom, both are hybrid teas, both long 
stemmed and good for cutting, and both pink. 
The former is a delicate shell pink, and is 
the lighter of the two. 

Two very different yellows were Mrs. Wad- 
dell and Harry Kirk. The former is a decided 
coppery hue, and the latter sulphur yellow, 
and is very fragrant. 

The two well known whites, Kaiserin and 
Frau Karl Druschki were of course present, 
but are too well known to need comment. 

There were three especially good reds — 
General McArthur, by many rose lovers con- 
sidered the best of all red roses; laurent carle, 
very similar and very good, and his majesty, 
quite a fit companion for the other two. 

As many other good varieties of roses were 
shown, and many other species of flowering 
plants other than these above mentioned, the 
visitor was quite apt to leave with the very 
correct impression that even in this so-called 
between season time, there is not exactly a 
dearth of flowers in Southern California. 


One of the 
in the country. 

New Price List 
now ready 

Dean Iris Gardens i 


" Age cannot wither her, 
nor custom stale her infi- 

nite variety. 


J 1 '- 

'^i mr 

So quoted the Shakespeare fowl as 
Cassandra returned from the Great 
International Show at the San Fran- 
cisco Exposition, having added to her 
diadem the third prize in a class of 
twenty-four hens assembled from 
fourteen states. 

It has been useless to proclaim that 
Rosecroft's cock was first and their 
pullet second in classes of eighteen 
and forty respectively. Cassandra in- 
sists that SHE did it and walks 
round her pen with three other hens 
and a rooster in her train and bids the 
world gaze and wonder. She has not 
layed an egg since she returned, and 
for our lives we dare not introduce 
the subject, for after all it is some 
performance to beat every hen from 
all over America except one from 
Massachusetts and another from 
Kansas, but if she does not get down 
to cackling instead of crowing we will 
put in her pen the cock that beat the 
whole boiling and the pullet that it 
took a lady from Illinois to stop while 
38 others followed on behind and let 
THEM talk to her. 

Now for the fray at Los Angeles, 
the first week in January, and then 
the hatching of the champions for 
next season. Don't you want to raise 
a blue ribbon? We will let you and 
furnish the eggs, for a consideration, 
or birds in pleasing variety, all half 
sizes in stock, as the shoeman says 
the day before you go to be fitted. 

Ro seer oft 
Barred Rock Yards 

Point Loma, Cal. 






Corner Ninth and Olive Streets 
Los Angeles, California 

Phone Home F 4592 Sunset Main 1745 




Amaryllis and 

In large quantities and great variety 

Send for Catalogs 

Nurseries at Montebello, California 








E. Moulie California Floral Perfumery 

H. L. BERRY, Proprietor 
1617-1619 Lewis St., Mission Hills, San Diego 

ILL BUY FLOWERS in season from which perfumes can b e 
manufactured. Growers of flowers should phone, Hillcrest 856, 
or call at the factory to learn the kinds of blooms and quantities 

EMBERS of the FLORAL ASSOCIATION are also in- 
vited to call and inspect the large line of Perfumes and Toilet 
Articles now being manufactured under direction of W. D. Duane, 
a chemist of many years experience and national reputation in this 
line of work. All goods are being put up in very attractive style with the 
latest gold embossed labels, making a very acceptable Holiday Gift. You 
can boost San Diego by helping to build up one of her newest industries, 
the manufacture of perfume from San Diego flowers. 

Ladies especially invited to visit the factory and see how Perfumes and Toilet Articles 
are made. Take No. 3 or 5 car and get off at Stephens St. 

Fifth Street ^Ss=5s§^==^ Between D & E 




— whether your account be large or small, with assurance 
of liberal, dependable service and courteous, respedtful 
attention. We offer you these facilities coupled with 
safe, conservative financial methods. 

i» M o-~~ J ON ^THIS BASIS YOUR V Int€rest compound _ 

an term accounts ^\ ACCOUNT IS SOLICITED J ** twice a year 

Southern Tru^l & Savings Bank 

U. S. Grant Hotel Building 

Commercial^ Savings and Safety Deposit Departments 

Our business is conducted with conservatism, but also with 
enterprise and up-to-date methods. 

Resources Over $2,840,000.00 

G A. Davidson, Pres. Philip Morse, Vice-Pres. E. O. Hodge, Cashier 

Sty? lElii? printing domjrattg 

m i ir ir== n =n i i n 

&ttten Sfomttg-S'ftum £ Attest 
#att Btegn, (Ealtfontta 


The Association Day Program 

N the court of the Southern Coun- 
ties Building, near the East gate, 
will be displayed a collection of 
Seasonable Tree and Shrub speci- 
mens, correctly and plainly labelled, includ- 
ing acacias, eucalyptus and berry-bearing 
shrubs. This will be arranged with a view 
to its greatest educational value. 



11:00 a. m. — Tour of Lathhouse and Conser- 
vatory, with adjacent grounds. In- 
formed guides will be in charge to 
make this interesting and instructive. 

12:00 m. — Luncheon at Alhambra and Pic- 
nic in Pepper Grove. 

1 :30 p. m. — Personally conducted tour 
from Main Entrance through Southern 
part of grounds, arriving at — 

2:45 p. m. — New Mexico Building. Illus- 
trated Lecture by Mr. Dudley of the 
U. S. Forest Service. 

3:15 p. m. — Resumption of tour, to arrive 
at Southern Counties Building at — 

4:00 p. m. — Professor Stevens of the Land- 
scape Department of the State Univer- 
sity, Berkeley, California, who will lec- 
ture on "Shrubs". 

5:00 p. m. — Autochrome Pictures by Har- 
old Taylor in the lecture room of the 
Southern Counties Building. 

6:00 p. m. — Dinner at the Alhambra (no 
formal dinner will be arranged; only 
an opportunity given to sit together for 
those who so desire, and possibly a 
short address.) 

7:30 p. m. — Reception in the Southern 
Counties Building. 

8:00 p. m. — "Vicissitudes of a Floral Asso- 
ciation," by Alfred D. Robinson. 

8:30 p. m. — Pictures from Cuba with ex- 
planations by Mr. E. Howard, of Los 

Women's Board to Welcome Visitors 

All day at The Women's Headquarters, 
in the California Building, the ladies will 
receive in compliment to the Floral Asso- 

Supplement to California Garden, December, 1915 
List of 1916 Meeting' Places 

Get the Plant Names To-Day 

Do you see any plants or shrubs that 
you would like to have in your garden? 
If you do, then make a note here 

Souvenir Program 


Mami K&mtmtion 


Panama-California Exposition 

Saturday. Dec. 4, 1915 




Renewing Old Acquaintance 

HE San Diego Floral Associa- 
tion, founded some ten years 
ago with the avowed object of 
developing the natural advan- 
of the city from a floricultural 
standpoint, has more than justified its 
existence and stands today stronger 
than ever and more determined to 
make of San Diego the Botanical Para- 
dise it should be. 

Its power has never been a financial 
one, for its perfectly negligible dues of 
$1.50 per year, which sum includes its 
monthly organ and garden guide, "Cal- 
ifornia Garden," would not have suf- 
ficed to pay running expenses had not 
officers and members donated a world 
of time and much of more material 
sort. This well known fact, however, 
has made its influence stronger and 
more widespread, for no one has been 
able to ascribe to the officers any mo- 
tive for their activities outside of the 
avowed one to make the city look bet- 
ter and smell sweeter. 

To all those who believe in a city 
beautiful for a home, the San Diego 
Floral Association offers an opportun- 
ity to show forth the faith that is in 
them, and the communion of kindred 
spirits. It has a large membership but 
on its rolls should be every citizen to 
whom the word "garden" means some- 
thing more than so much of a water 
bill per month. 

The Secretary is Guy T. Keene and 
he gives applicants a receipt for dues, 
without asking any further reference 
than the coin, at 727 E Street, or any 
other place he may happen to be. 



Floral Association Meetings 

Regular meetings of The San Diego 
Floral Association on the third Tuesday of 
every month at 8:00 p. m. 

January 18 — (a) "Growing Plants from 
Seeds." (b) "Pruning." With Mrs. 
Frank A. Salmons, 2440 C Street. 

February 15 — (a) "Roses, How to Plant 
and Prune." (b) "Lawns." With Mrs. 
L. A. Blochman, First and Thorn Sts. 

March 21— (a) "Annuals." (b) "Propaga- 
tion by Cuttings and Division." With 
Mrs. W. S. Dorland, 3500 Seventh St. 

April 18— (a) "Dahlias." (b) "Irrigation." 
With Mrs. Wm. Simison, Glenartney 
Station, Point Loma. 

May 16— (a) "Lath-house." (b) Begonias." 
With Mrs. Herbert D. Field, 3026 Date 

June — Date to be announced. Annual meet- 
ing and Election of Officers. 

July 18— (a) "Ferns." (b) "Fall Bloom- 
ing Plants." With Mrs. W. L. Fre- 
vert, 3535 First Street. 

August 15— (a) "Violets." (b) "Planting 
Seeds for Winter Blooms." With Mrs. 
I. D. Webster, 1028 Thirty-second St. 

September 19 — (a) "Iris and Kindred 
Plants." (b) "Soils and Fertilizers." 
With Mrs. M. Kew, 3224 Park Avenue. 

October 17— (a) "Bulbs." (b) "Berry- 
bearing Plants and Shrubs." With Mrs. 
A. H. Sweet, 435 W. Spruce Street. 

November 21— (a) "Tree s." (b) "Cali- 
fornia Wildflowers." With Miss Alice 
Lee, 3564 Seventh Street. 


First Tuesday of the month in the after- 

March 7 — Mrs. John Boal, The Terrace, Na- 
tional City. 

April 4 — Miss Sessions, Pacific Beach. 

May 7 — Mrs. O. E. M. Howard, National 

June 6 — Mrs. Alfred D. Robinson, Rose- 
croft, Point Loma. 

July 11 — Mrs. Erskine J. Campbell, Point 

August 1— Mrs. Charles W. Darling, Mar- 
cellita, Chula Vista. 

September 5 — Mrs. F. T. Scripps, Braemar 
Manor, Pacific Beach. 

October 3 — Mrs. Thomas Kneale, Kneale 

November 7 — Mrs. George Sturges, Ocean 
Boulevard, Coronado. 

San Diego Floral Association 


Alfred D. Robinson, President. 

Miss K. O. Sessions, Vice-President. 

L. A. Blochman, Treasurer. 

Guy T. Keene, Secretary. 

Miss A. M. Rainford. 

Mrs. Thos. Kneale. 

Miss Alice Lee. 

Secretary's Office, 727 E Street; Phone 
Main 584. 

"The California Garden", official organ of 
the Association, published monthly, 
general circulation, $1.00 per year. Ask 
for a sample copy. 

Floral Association dues, $1.00 per year. All 
men and women interested in plants 
and flowers are eligible to membership. 

Floral Association Dues and California 
Garden, both for one year, $1.50. 

"Garden Helps", by Geo. P. Hall, is a book 
on gardening specially adapted to the 
Southwest, price 75c. On sale at seed 
and book stores, or may be secured at 
the Secretary's office, 727 E Street. 


*» *.